My name is Dennis, I am 56 years old and I have liver cancer.
Before we get started, I would like to point out that this is a personal point of view from what I have experienced and what I was confronted with. I cannot speak for those with other forms of cancer as I would only be pretending to know anything about them.
This is my effort to tell people what I am going through and what others can expect. Each person will have different conditions and effects due to the chemotherapy (chemo) that they will endure but be assured, conditions and environments will basically be the same.
Back in February of 2019, I started to have problems with my bowels where having a poo was becoming difficult but as always, life always seems to get in the way and in my situation, I was moving house and not being able to afford removalists I moved everything on my own. Then I had planned a holiday in which all was paid up front, so I decided to go on that while making a mental note to see the doctor upon my return.
With everything out of the way and settled back at home, I made the appointment to see the doctor. Being given a kit of test tubes and forms, I submitted my stool samples and waited. The result was blood in my poo. With the referral done, they told me that it could be a little while before the colonoscopy could be done. A long story short, I was supposed to have the colonoscopy done within two weeks of the doctors visit but the hospital forgot all about me and after six months, I had to make the phone call to the hospital. Pushing me in-between other patience's, the procedure was done and after waking up, I was informed that the camera could only go as far as 150mm into my bowels and they will be arranging an operation to see what the blockage was.
They told me that it could be two weeks before the operation and I said, "You better make that now because I can't poo anymore".
Three days later, I was under the knife and the blockage ended up being the size of Arnold Schwarzenegger's clenched fist. The blockage was cancerous and with extra bowel and lymph nodes removed, I was informed several days later that they got all the cancer out.
The next problem was my liver. After several CT Scans and one PET Scan, the spots on my liver were everywhere and I was told that it was inoperable. Bit of a blow to the ego but it is what it is I suppose. But hold on, they told me it was inoperable, they didn't say anything about terminal!
So what does inoperable mean?
This is where I started to ask questions. One doctor is telling me that urgent chemo is required to eradicate as much of the cancer as possible and then cut the rest out of the liver while the oncologist is saying I have three years left to live. Who's telling the truth here and why is one doctor giving me hope while the other is saying you will be dead soon (Not in those words mind you but you get my meaning).
As with all such diagnosis', the first question people will ask is "How long have I got?" The answers can be confusing and yet most are straight to the point but in my case, confusing would be an under statement. The oncologist said, in an ordinary way, three years but four could be possible and that is based on treatment. Without treatment, they estimated (Guessed) eighteen months.
More questions started to come to mind. If I didn't have the bowel obstruction I would never known about the cancer in the liver and I would've just kept living day by day without any clue what was going on inside my body. I mean, you only go to the doctor when you are sick, right! So the first question I had was, which came first, the bowel cancer or the liver cancer? There is no true way of knowing this but the most logical answer would be, the bowel cancer first and then the liver cancer second. When it comes to livers, you have to understand that 75% of the liver can be cut out and it will grow back, but in my situation, the cancer had transferred from the bowel to the liver meaning it had spread thus making me a cancer patient. In my situation, inoperable means that I have cancer spots everywhere on my liver which means the entire liver would have to be removed. As I am classed as a bowel cancer sufferer, even though they have removed all of that cancer successfully, I am not a candidate for a liver transplant. In plain text, my situation of inoperable also meant, terminal.
So how long have I had liver cancer? How long do I truly have? How did I get it? So many questions with no true answers!
The truth is, alcohol, smoking, food with preservatives, meat with steroids, fly spray, deodorant, mobile phones, the air. So many things in this world can give you cancer and whether you like to hear it or not, everyone has the cancer in them. It is a simple matter of what makes it active. My grandmother smoked and drank her entire life but never got cancer, in any form. A close friend never smoked, drank or even masturbated, but yet succumbed to bladder cancer. How???
It is now a matter of luck in our day and age of the 21st century and when they talk about diseases spreading throughout the world, wouldn't Cancer be classed as a Pandemic.
I have cancer and I have a limited amount of time on this planet. Because of that, I had to make one of two of the biggest decisions in my entire life. Do I choose quality of life or quantity of life?
As that sentence states, do I want to live the rest of my days out in comfort and taking each day as they come or do I want to extend the maximum amount of time allowed with my life? They will be the two biggest questions you will have to ask yourself. Let's talk about the first one.
Quality of Life
Quality means what it states. Think back to a time when you had the best years of your life. For me, it was the 80's and 90's. I was in my prime then, fit, healthy and able to do anything I wanted to do. In fact, I was almost bullet proof with the things I got up to. So in choosing quality of life, I will still continue to live each day as if nothing was wrong with me and I would continue to do so until the cancer started to take control. When it comes to cancer and quality, your time on this earth is unknown and if you have an idea of the amount of time left, then trying to finalize everything before dying becomes a rush. If you have 12 months to live, that time will go quicker than you think but you also have to allow for the time you will be in hospital on your death bed. That could range from 2 weeks to 2 months. If it is the latter, then your time to finalize things before you die has now been reduced to 10 months.
Quantity of Life
This is where chemo comes into it. Chemo is actually giving you the time to do everything but you still can't sit around and wait for it. Instead of having 10 months, you now have 3 years. Even then, 3 years will go very fast but once again you will have to allow for the time you will be in hospital. This could equate to being 2 weeks to 2 months. It all depends on how fast the body is willing to give up or fight.
This is going to be the hard decision for you. Do you want to spend your days out having as much fun with your wife and kids until the time has come, no matter how short of time you have or do you want to have the maximum amount of time with your family? This is where it gets tricky, the first option is no brain teaser but it will be short. The second, though, will have you last the longer time but think of the pain and discomfort you will be going through when you have started the chemo. Whatever choice you make, arrangements will have to be made such as ensuring your wife and kids are well looked after, discussing funeral plans, how you want to leave this world whether it be in a box or cremated. If you are the sole money earner, then you have to make sure that your wife has full access to your bank accounts, ensuring that your superannuation will go directly to her and if you have any investments. The biggest thing you must do is to have your wills done. With the knowledge that you are going to be dead soon, don't wait, just do it.
Right then. You have been diagnosed with cancer and you have opted to do the chemo. If you have opted not to, then you wouldn't be reading this.
You have seen the oncologist, you have spoken to the support nurses and had your bloods taken. The day has come to start the chemo treatment.
Your in the waiting room and it all seems surreal as you look around you at the other people waiting to be seen. Some women have head scarf's on while men sit there reading a book and then your name is called. Everyone looks at you as you stand but in all honesty, it is no different were you at the local medical centre waiting to see the doctor about a headache or sore toe.
The nurse guides you into the chemo room and it opens up to a large area where there are dozens of recliner chairs with medical equipment next to it. You sit down and wait for ten minutes while they prepare everything. Depending on your situation, you will either have an IV needle, PICC Line or a Chemotherapy Port in your chest. In layman terms, the IV connection is used for light duty injections as they can't use this typ of line for chemo as the chemicals will destroy the vein in no time. The PICC line is used for direct injection into a main artery. In most cases, if a Port cannot be inserted but they want to start the chemo straight away, you will have a PICC line inserted to start the process. Because it is going directly into a main artery, the more heavier duty chemicals can be implemented in this way. The last being the port which is an access point under the skin at or around the chest. The Port is used for permanent injecting or if they need to take blood.
(Image courtesy - Aboutkidshealth)
(Image courtesy - National Cancer Institute)
(Image courtesy - National Cancer Institute)
In my case, I had a PICC line inserted as they wanted to start the chemo sooner rather than later but I eventually ended up getting the port installed. In all honesty, it sounds like
something from a sci-fi movie but yet we don't live in a world of Star Trek or Star Wars and even though medicine has come a long way, when it comes to chemo, it is more reminiscent of the Spanish
Inquisition or the dark ages. So, once seated and the nurse has everything ready, it is a simple matter of connecting the feed lines and letting the chemical do the rest. It all depends on what stage
of cancer you are at, worst case scenerio is you could be sitting in the chair for at least 5 hours. If your cancer is at a stage where they just want to control it, you could be there for an hour.
If it is the first, take some reading material or a tablet with movies on it as this will pass the time away.
The clinic I go to, I think they could truly do with more comfortable chairs but it is what it is, as I am usually there for 5 hours.
Where were we?
That's right, we are in the chair, and they have started pumping that crap into your body. At this stage, you don't feel anything at first as stage 1 is to prime your body. It is the second part that has you feeling, well, different. Everybody will have different effects where some people will feel sick, others will sleep but for me, my eye lids fluttered but the main thing here is, if you feel wierd in any way, tell the nurse.
If you are one of those that will be there for a long time, they will bring you something to eat and if you want a coffee, tea or water, just ask. I always took my iPad with me as I had heaps of pirate movies on it and a few hacked games which I downloaded from the Apple store. 5 to 6 hours later, they were un-plugging me, filling out the forms and telling me to go home. But, wait, there's more. That's right, I was one of the lucky participants to get a bottle connected to me so as I can take it home to finish the job of legal poisoning for a further 48 hours.
Image Courtesy - S.A Health
Image Courtesy - Cancer Research UK
Image Courtesy - Express.co.uk
With the treatment of chemotherapy, a group of drugs used to destroy cancerous cells, it comes with several side-effects of its own. Here we will list the range of effects you might or will be confronted with and to coincide with the range of effects, I will place a comment next to the ones that I have been lumped with.
Cancer and the treatment, can weaken the immune system.
Because chemotherapy kills healthy immune cells, it can make a person more vulnerable to infection. Since a person's immune system will be less able to fight off germs, infections may also last longer. Eating a healthful diet, frequently washing hands, avoiding people who are ill, and seeking prompt medical care for signs of illness, can reduce the risk of serious infections.
This is the most important part that you will have to remember.
When I first started chemo, I inadvertantly stayed out in the sun a little too long and suffered sunburn on the face. This took about 4 weeks to heal and I was covered in blisters and scabs until it healed.
So, in learning my lesson, staying out in the sun for 30 minutes is okay but you will burn slightly. Any longer than 30 minutes, long sleeve shirts, a broad rimmed hat and sun screen is a must. Have several bottles of anti-bacterial hand wash in the house and car and use it regularly.
Buy the good multi-vitamin tablets and take two per day as this will help in the healing process. Just remember, if it won't heal, go to the doctors.
Image Courtesy - University of Brimingham
Chemotherapy can cause a person to bruise or bleed more easily.
Many people having chemotherapy experience this side effect, and it does not usually cause concern. However, bleeding following a serious injury can be dangerous. So it is a good idea to take precautions, such as wearing gloves when gardening or cutting food. Also take proactive steps to reduce falls and the risk of injury. People should contact a doctor for any serious wounds, or for a bruise or injury that seems to be healing very slowly.
It's not as bad as it sounds but as stated, you will have to be careful. I am predominantly right handed and virtually crippled in my left except when I need to pick my nose or hold the nail before hitting my thumb. Here is an example of when a simple bump to my wrist showed a massive bruise the next day. It still hasn't healed after 4 weeks and a bang to my head gave me a small cut that has only just healed after 6 weeks.
As disgusting as it sounds, everybody picks their nose but here you have to be careful, digging too deep or shovelling too hard, will cause bleeds. This is because the membranes are so thin inside the nose that just rubbing the inner surface will make it bleed. Get use to blowing your nose.
But not too hard
Image Courtesy - The Oklahoman
Chemotherapy can damage hair follicles, causing the hair to weaken,
become brittle, and fall out. Any hair that regrows may be much thinner, or
a different color. This pattern usually continues until chemotherapy ends.
Hair almost always regrows after chemo.
A study in the journal Skin Therapy Letter estimates that 65 percent of people receiving chemotherapy experience hair loss. No specific treatment can guarantee hair loss prevention, but proper hair care may slow the loss of hair and promote regrowth after treatment.
This was never a problem for me as I am virtually bald anyway.
For women, though, the idea can be traumatising and there isn't much that can be done. For a female, if you haven't started your chemo yet, start caring for your hair now. It won't stop the hair loss but it may not take all of it. In saying that, not all women lose their hair and let's not forget about the body hair such as arms, legs and pubic hair.
My operation on my bowels resulted in the nurses shaving me bald down there and my old pubes are still struggling to regrow but I still have leg and arm hairs. The same should be for the women but for the men, that's right, you are still stuck with shaving but be careful. The skin on your face will be very tender and a cut may result in a longer bleed. Where possible, try using an electric shaver or safety blades for extreme tender skin.
If that doesn't work, just let the facial hair grow like me. I use a beard trimmer which keeps it at a neat level.
Image Courtesy - MSN.com
Nausea and vomiting can come on suddenly,
appear after each chemotherapy session, or happen
seemingly at random.
Dietary changes, such as eating smaller meals or avoiding certain foods, can help. Anti-nausea drugs may also be helpful, particularly for people who experience nausea at predictable intervals, such as immediately after chemotherapy.
I might be one of the lucky ones here as I haven't felt sick or nauseated.
The key here is the drugs. Funny word that is, here they are pumping you full of illegal drugs legally and to counteract all the bad things, they give you a whole pile of legal drugs. Before you start your chemo session, you will be told to take a nausea drug an hour before. Then they pump in some drugs to stop the vomiting and then they give a further needle to stop the stomach aches.
After they kick you out of the clinic, they would have given you a bunch of drugs that will stop the nausea and vomiting and it is imperative that you take 2 tablets per day (Morning and afternoon) for the first fortnight. If you need to take more, then knock yourself out. This is what I did at first as it is easier to control those feelings rather than try to get them under control which would be very hard.
The main thing is use the drugs and if you never dreamed yourself of doing this in your entire life, go down to the chemist and get a tablet dispenser that has small partitions that allow for 4 sessions per day. You will only need to use two of those partitions as you will be taking one tablet twice a day. The daily dispensers will be no good for you.
Image Courtesy - Healthline
Chemotherapy may trigger digestion problems because it can damage
cells that help digest food.
Other side effects of chemotherapy, such as nausea, can force people to change their eating habits. These sudden changes can also cause digestive problems. Avoiding foods that irritate the stomach may help, and over-the-counter remedies for constipation, such as magnesium, can make bowel movements less painful. Proper hydration can reduce the severity of constipation and also prevent dehydration due to diarrhea, which can also be a side effect of chemotherapy.
You would have recieved tablets for this as well.
After my chemo, I was informed that I could get diarrhea and they gave some tablets to take for this as well. The list of tablets will be stated later and what they are used for but in the mean time, let's discuss The remedies.
First of all, when you get home, take two diarrhea tablets straight away. This doesn't cause diarrhea but controls it. If you start taking too many, you end up getting constipation. It is a fine line between the two but what worked for me was two tablets straight away then one tablet twice a day for the first week. You will notice that pooing won't be often but you won't have the diarrhea and in case you forget about the tablets and diarrhea returns, then start all over again. If you noticed pooing is difficult, stop the diarrhea tablets and let the body do it's job. Sooner or later, you will find that right balance of poo or not to poo.
Then take one tablet once in the morning every second day. This balanced out everything for me but it could be different for you. The one thing that must be remembered is for your bowels to work properly, there has to be fluid in the body. It is like trying to wash the dishes without water. No need to drink heaps of water but if your mouth is dry, drink water and not soft drink or coffee or tea. If you hate plain water, mix it with cordial.
Image Courtesy - MSN.com
Some people notice painful sores in their mouth 1 to 2 weeks after having
some form of chemotherapy.
The soreness can vary in severity. Sometimes, the sores may bleed or become infected. Some people find relief from rinsing their mouth with warm salt water. Numbing gels may also help. People should see a doctor for treatment if the sores are very painful or weeping. To coincide with mouth ulcers, is the dry mouth syndrome which isn't painful but annoying. The dry mouth can also cause mouth ulcers
I wasn't so lucky here.
Although it took 3 weeks to get the ulcers and 4 weeks for the dry mouth, the ulcers were the worse. The key here is keeping your mouth clean. Washing your mouth out with salt water is one remedy but one teaspoon of baking soda in a glass of warm water was the saviour for me. An extra extra extra soft tooth brush with very mild mint toothpaste should be used as the normal toothpaste may burn your mouth just like spicy foods. Using numbing gels are a must also but be warned, always use rubber gloves and not your heavy duty cleaning type. The ones that are used in hospitals can be easily purchased from a chemist or grocery store. Whenever you put your hands in your mouth, make sure they are sterile or you will cause more ulcers. By the way, the numbing gel will sting like hell.
Dry mouth is annoying. You don't notice it so much through the day but more common of a night. This is because you are starting to wind down, relaxing and watching television. You go to bed and wake up a few hours later with your toungue stuck to the roof of your mouth, breathing through your nose or worse, waking up gasping for air as you have blocked nostrils.
Not much can be done here except washing your mouth out and one good remedy is is constantly use a dry mouth wash and is must have zero alcohol in it as that will cause ulcers.
Image Courtesy - Healthline
Chemotherapy may cause dry skin.
Dry skin occurs when the layers of the skin lose essential oils and moisture and is quite often a side effect of chemotherapy. Certain drugs which are used in the treatment can cause skin to become dry, flaky, cracked and peeling. Depending on the severity, slight bleeding between lines of skin fold covering joints such as knuckles and elbows may occur. The splitting of skin will be most evident on finger tips and at the tips of the toes.
There isn't much here than can be done accept preventative measures.
The dry flaky skin started around my third dose of chemo as I am almost naturally bald, it was most prominent on my head. This was my main concern as I didn't like the idea of covering my scalp for the better of humanity. So to prevent this, I rubbed some skin cream onto my head with soft but firm rubbing of the skin.
What worked for me was the Redwin Sensitive Skin Sorbolene Moisturiser. As I had dry skin before I started any chemo, this was the perfect choice for me as it healed the dry skin and it absorbed fast without leaving my skin greasy. The skin you might have will depend on whether it is greasy, normal or dry and from there, you have to work out which will better suit you. As there are a lot of brands out there for dry and greasy skin, the Redwin brand only makes one for any type of skin but is long lasting and it worked perfect for me.
The next chapter of dry skin will involve exfoliation. For women, this is easy as they most likely do this everyday but for the men, using an exfoliate cream might seem un-manly, so an exfoliate brush or puff spounge can be used while the man is in the shower. The "Puff" isn't as bad as it sounds as this can be rubbed with normal soap and then your body scrubbed clean in this manner. It doesn't get rid of it all but it certainly does reduce the flaking of the skin. With me, it is perhaps every 3rd or 4th day I have to use the cream as well but this could be more often for some men. To start, keep an eye out where the dry skin is forming and concentrate on those areas. This goes for the women as well. At the last, if you are having a massive amount of flaky skin after using the methods above, see your oncologist or GP to see what they recommend.
Image - Denlyn Computers
As chemo can get annoying, frustrating, painful and depressing, if you opted to go down this path,
then you should have some idea on what to expect. If you are new to it and you are reading this then
I hope I have helped you out. Now before the drugs are handed out, I cannot emphasize enough about
cleanliness. Hands especially but mouth, hair, skin, teeth and just about anything connected to that
beautiful body of yours you must keep clean always.
This doesn't mean all the time. If you doing the gardening, then that is good because you have to keep active. Just make sure you wash your hands, face and mouth out when you are done. Having chemo doesn't mean you have stop your daily tasks, you just have to limit and watch what you do in those tasks.
Now, there was one thing that I didn't mention about and that is the Rashes associated with chemo. Depending how soft your skin is, don't be surprised if your face is attacked first. I found that rashes were slight for me but they were still rashes on the face because that is where the thinnest part of your skin is. The second area I found with me was my groin and yes, I always kept that place nice and clean. It just appeared.
If you are starting to get rashes, this means the chemo is working and if you had any sun spots or skin cancers that you were always planning to get looked at, then the chemo will get rid of them for you but bruising, scabbing and rashes will appear in those areas for a short time. As for the rashes, yep, they have a tablet for that as well.
At the last, if any side effects are causing you pain, try to range the pain from 1 to 10 with 10 being the worse pain. If the side effects are bad, see your doctor straight away. If it is severe, admit yourself to the emergency department at your nearest major hospital. Make sure you tell them you are on chemo.
|1||Dry Mouth||Biotene Dry Mouth Wash||Use 3 to 4 times a day and before going to bed. This will ease the dry mouth but not completely. After several days of use, you will start to notice longer sleeping hours. If you want to save the biotene for night time, mix up a large container of and bi-carb-soda into warm water. This will equate to 1 level teaspoon to 1 cup of water. Wash your mouth whenever needed throughout the day. Otherwise salty water. Make sure the mouth wash is alcohol free as the ouch will send you to the emergency department.|
|2||Ulcers||Bonjelo Ulcer Gel||This is where the ouch comes into it. Using medical rubber gloves, place a small amount onto your finger while wearing the rubber glove and rub into the ulcer. It will hurt and sting but this means it is doing good. If isn't stinging, you haven't hit the mark, try again. If that is too hard, mix a fingernail amount of the Bonjelo in with the Biotene and wash around your mouth. The results will be slower but just as effective. If the Bonjelo gel doesn't work for you, try Medijel Ulcer Gel.|
|3||Nausea & Vomiting||Metoclopramide||Don't worry about the name, After chemo treatment, they would have given you some of these to take home. For me, I took 1 tablet twice a day for the first week and then reduced this down to one a day. The reason is to control the vomiting and nausea. If you don't take the tablet and you start vomiting, it is harder to stop.||4||Diarrhoea||Loperamide Hydrochloride||Take 2 tablets as soon as you get home after treatment, then one tablet that afternoon. Then 1 tablet twice a day for one week and then 1 tablet every second day from then on. If you find that you aren't pooing within 5 days reduce the tablets. You will find a balance.||5||Rash||Akamin 50||This a great drug. If you already have the rash, then it will take a while to get rid of it. The problem with this issue is they won't give you the tablets. They want you to get the rash first and then they will give you the drug. Not only is it embarrassing with a rash all over your face, you are then confined to being at home until it goes away enough to be seen in public. I still went out and anyone that looked at me strange, I said I got sunburnt real bad and you should have seen me last week. lol Whatever works, do it.||6||Panadol Osteo||667mg Panadol||Mainly for pain and whenever you need it. I usually take 2 in the morning and afternoon. The Osteo has that extra kick in it and you don't need a script for it but you can only get them at the chemist.||7||Health||Centrum||Being over fifty and a mere male that seems to be dying at the mere mention of the flu, I found these vitamin tablets to be perfect for me. I always rode my pushbike but as I am now limited with going outside for long periods, I need to replace the energy for the lack of it. If you of a different age, talk to your chemist and they will help you out.||8||Mouth Care||Misc||This is a bit of a range. Rubber gloves used for rubbing gel into your mouth. Avoid using just your fingers. Soft tooth brush and mild toothpaste (Nothing hot).
Hospital grade hand sanitizer and not the cheap crap. I use Signet Microshield but I think they are fazing that out for a better range. Talk to your chemist about the best one and use
it all the time.
A soft hand cream to rub onto the dry skin that you will undoubtedly get. The dry skin is associated with chemo and if you are getting dry skin, you will get a dry mouth but please, don't put the hand cream in your mouth. It doesn't taste nice.
The above methods worked for me only and it was my way on how I balanced everything out. You will have to experiment with what works for you and you may even find out that you have to take the tablets as prescribed. I opted for my balance of drugs as I hated the thought of taking a mass amount of drugs two or three times a day. So far it is working for me but it may be different for you.
|9||Dry Skin||Sorbolene||Dry skin is a nuisance. Take your shirt off and you sill see flakes of skin float to the ground that resemble dandruff. I stated previously to use the Vaseline brand of Intensive care skin cream but that ended up stinging my skin a little and it was even worse after I had exfoliated. The best product I found useful for me was the Redwin Sensitive Skin Sorbolene Moisturiser. Rub this all over your body and it will last well over a week without having to repeat everyday. Well worth the shot and it has a very nice smell for you beefy blokes out there.|
It is all a matter of what you want. Prolong your life (Quantity) or enjoy what's left (Quality)
Once again, it's not about you. You know what is going to happen. This going to effect everyone in and around your life. You have to start planning your funeral, what you want said and how you want everyone to see you off. It doesn't really matter because you will be dead but it is more of a benefit to the living, how they can look back and say that was a nice funeral or that funeral rocked.
For me, I plan to have a quick and easy funeral, wave me off as I get transported away in a cardboard box to the crematorium. After that, everyone goes to the pub, has a feed and perhaps get smashed. I just have to make sure everyone is there for my wife as she will be an absolute mess. There is so much to consider. Wife, spouse, partner, children, family and friends.
That's about it for now. If something pops up later, I will try to add to this page to give you an insight of what it is like to be on chemo. As a side note there has been a lot of talk about the benefits of marijuana and the benefits of CBD. It has to be pointed out very clearly that marijuana does not cure cancer. It has a lot of benefits in easing pain and has been known to control autoimmune disease, inflammation, seizure disorders, psychiatric disorders and substance use disorders, withdrawal, and dependence.
All that is doing is easing the condition but it does not cure cancer. But is does have the potential to delay it. This is an on-going argument with many factions and as long as the government has it's hand in the marijuana money box, they will not be making it legal for the entire nation any time soon. Funny, though, it seems there are a lot of marijuana users in Canberra. They make it illegal throughout the entire country but legal in the nations capital.